Organic agriculture is the art, science, and industry of managing the growth of plants and animals for human use, in a holistic way.
It is an agricultural production method, based on a dynamic balance between humanitarian, environmental and agronomic factors.
Organic farming is the production method which is looking at the environment as the main resource, and thus, minimizes the impact of the agricultural activity on the environment
Organic farming is less intensive and polluting than conventional farming. Organic farming is ecological in approach
Reasons Affecting The Bio-Organic World Market
- Increased environmental sensitivity
- Increasing awareness for individual health
- Legitimization for alternative medicine and nutrition methods
- Fear from genetic engineering
- A fraction of the idea “science will solve it all”
Who Decides What Is Organic?
The standards used should be based on the guidelines of the international organic farming community, which should be adapted to the local natural and human environment and monitored a country’s regulatory agency.
Principles Of Organic Farming Practice
- Fertility of soil: cultivation, compost, organic fertilizers
- Prevention and avoidance of problems
- The use and application of organic natural products
- Weed management: a different method
- Keeping biological balance in the field and soil
- Regulation and restrictions
Fertile soil contains up to 3% organic matter and is characterized by
- Sustainable crop production
- Healthy and natural environment for crop production
- High water retention capacity
- Easy to cultivate (saves energy)
How To Achieve Natural Soil Fertility
- Reduction in soil erosion and runoff
- The better and healthier root system of plants
- Addition of organic matter – compost
- Green manure
- Cover crops
- Plant rotation
- Reduced Tillage
- No use of fertilizers or chemicals
Why Go Organic?
The common reasons or advantages to going organic include the following:
- Provide better income for the farmer
- Contributing to the environment quality: avoidance of pollution and contamination
- Contributing to human, animal and plant’s health.
- Sustainability: the organic system is more stable and less sensitive to changes in the production environment.
Conversion From Conventional Into Organic Farming
Application and regulation involve the following:
- The field has to be cleaned from the conventional residues
- 2 – 3 years of growing under the organic regulations
- Then your products and field are certified as “organic”
Cultivation Practices For Organic Farming
- Never plow
- Use the disk
- Cultivate from shallow to deeper
- Use subsoil
- Use cultivator and chiseling to achieve fine cultivating
- Technical irrigation
- Planting instead of seeding
- Mulch, weed and tolerate – allow some weeds