Sustainable agriculture is a farming practice that uses principles of ecology, the study of relationships between organisms and their environment. It is universally accepted that agriculture must be sustainable at some predetermined, practical level of acceptability to support the world’s current and ever-burgeoning population.
The acquisition and demonstration of advanced and practical agricultural activities are one of the key strategies to ensure sustainable agricultural development in a country.
It has been stated that increasing efficiency of production depends mainly on the extent to which agricultural producers can incorporate improved agricultural practices into their farming operations.
However, for farmers to use improved agricultural practices, they must first be made aware of the existence of such practices, develop an interest in them, evaluate, then try and become convinced of the relevance and usefulness of such practices.
A study was designed to assess students’ opinion on sustainable and improved agricultural practices, and the results showed that the majority of the students are aware of what sustainable agriculture is all about.
Furthermore, the students were seen as having a positive attitude toward sustainable agricultural practices. An attitude is an assumed concept that represents an individual’s degree of like or dislike for something. Attitudes are either positive or negative views of a person, place, thing, or an event.
It is great to know that the knowledge (awareness) of sustainable agriculture is fast spreading down to the grassroots. This awareness should be encouraged by stakeholders in the agricultural sector to spread more, even to the rural farmers because; positive attitude toward sustainable agricultural practices is a victory for the world.
The following recommendations are made in relation to sustainable agriculture:
- Designing local participatory strategies to co-interest agricultural producers in reducing agricultural NPS pollution, together with related policy recommendations for sustainable agriculture are most appropriate having in view the insights of the case study.
- Carrying out similar surveys in other rural areas would permit an extended evaluation of rural population’s concern as regards environmental issues, would allow analyzing and deciding upon the best policy and institutional tools to be applied locally and regionally for accomplishing a sustainable agricultural development.
- Replicating our survey not only in space but also in time would make available time series data, which would allow assessing the outcomes of the proposed sustainable policies, i.e. the evaluation of environmental quality and general rural community welfare trends.