Banana is a giant herbaceous perennial monocotyledon plant. Other economically important monocotyledons are cereal crops like rice, wheat, and maize, as well as sugarcane, oil palm, and coconut.
Except for having a single cotyledon, the monocotyledons are distinguished by commonly having parallel leaf lamina veins, irregular distribution of the vascular bundles and lack of true secondary growth.
The banana is classified in the Zingiberales order which is composed of six families of tropical and subtropical perennial rhizomatic plants. Some of these plants are famous ornamental plants like Strelitzia, Heliconia or Canna; others are famous spice plants (Cardamomum, Curcuma, Ginger).
Uses of Bananas
Bananas contain three natural sugars – sucrose, fructose, and glucose combined with fiber. A banana offers a second, sustained and substantial boost of energy. Research has proven that just two bananas provide enough energy for a strenuous 90-minute workout.
No wonder the banana is the ideal fruit for the world’s leading athletes. But energy isn’t the sole way a banana can help us keep fit. It can also help boost our immunity, and prevent a substantial number of illnesses and conditions, making it a must to add to our daily diet.
According to a recent survey amongst people suffering from depression, many felt much better after eating a banana, because bananas contain tryptophan. Tryptophan is a type of protein that the body converts into serotonin, known to make you relax, improve your mood and generally make you happy.
The vitamin B6 that banana contains regulates blood glucose levels, which can affect your mood. thus, forget the pills, and eat a banana instead.
Banana is high in iron, and can stimulate the production of hemoglobin in the blood. This helps in cases of anemia.
The banana fruit is extremely high in potassium yet low in salt, making it perfect to beat blood pressure. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has just allowed the banana industry to make official claims for the fruit’s ability to reduce the risk of blood pressure and stroke.
Students have been helped through their exams by eating bananas at breakfast, break, and lunch in a bid to boost their brain power. Research has it that the potassium-packed fruit can assist learning by making pupils more receptive and alert.
High in fiber, including bananas in the diet can help restore normal bowel action, helping to overcome the problem without resorting to laxatives.
One of the fastest ways of curing a hangover is to make a banana milkshake, that is sweetened with honey. The banana calms the stomach and the honey helps build up depleted blood sugar levels, while the milk soothes and re-hydrates your body system.
Bananas have a natural antacid effect. So, if you suffer from heartburn, try eating a banana. It will give you soothing relief.
Snacking on bananas between meals helps to regulate blood sugar levels up and avoid morning sickness.
Before reaching for the insect bite balm, try rubbing the affected area with the inside of a banana skin. It is believed to successful reduce the swelling and irritation.
Fighting Overweight and Unhealthy Work Style
Studies at the Institute of Psychology in Austria found the pressure at work leads to gorging on comfort food like chocolate. Looking at 5,000 patients, researchers found the most obese were more likely to be in high-pressure jobs. The report suggested that to avoid panic-induced food cravings, we need to control our blood sugar levels by snacking on high carbohydrate foods every two hours to keep sugar levels steady.
The banana is used as the dietary food against disorders of the intestine because of its soft texture and smoothness. It is the only raw fruit that can be eaten without distress in chronic cases of ulcers. It also neutralizes over-acidity and reduces irritation by coating the lining of the intestine and stomach.
Many cultures see bananas as a ‘cooling’ fruit that can lower both the physical and emotional temperature of people, especially, expectant mothers. In Thailand, expectant women eat bananas to ensure their baby is born with a cool temperature.
Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD):
Bananas contain the natural mood enhancer, tryptophancan which can help SAD sufferers.
Smoking and Tobacco Use:
Bananas can also help people trying to give up smoking, since it contain B6, B12 as well as the potassium and magnesium found in them, help the body recover from the effects of nicotine withdrawal.
Potassium is a vital mineral, which helps normalize the heartbeat, sends oxygen to the brain and regulates hydration in the body. When we are stressed, our metabolic rate rises, thereby reducing the levels of potassium. However, we can be rebalanced with the help of a high-potassium banana snack.
According to research in The New England Journal of Medicine, eating bananas as part of a regular diet can cut the risk of death by strokes by as much as 40% !!!
Those keen on natural alternatives swear that if you want to kill off a wart, take a piece of banana skin and place it on the wart, with the yellow side out. Carefully hold the skin in place with a tape or plaster.
Banana really is a natural remedy for many diseases, and when you compare it to an apple, it has four times the protein, twice the carbohydrate, three times the phosphorus, five times the vitamin A and iron, and twice the other vitamins and minerals.
Banana is also rich in potassium and is one of the best value foods around. So maybe its time to change the phrase that says, ‘A banana a day keeps the doctor away!’
Bananas must be the reason monkeys are so happy all the time, and for a quick shine on our shoes; take the inside of the banana skin, and rub directly on the shoe, then polish with dry cloth.
In fact, banana is the most amazing fruit.